Identity and Access Management IAM has recently emerged as a critical foundation for realizing the business benefits in terms of cost savings, management control, operational efficiency, and, most importantly, business growth for eCommerce.
Enterprises need to manage access to information and applications scattered across internal and external application systems. Moreover, they must provide this access for a growing number of identities, both inside and outside the organization, without compromising security or exposing sensitive information.
IAM comprises of people, processes and products to manage identities and access to resources of an enterprise. Additionally, the enterprise shall have to ensure the correctness of data in order for the IAM Framework to function properly.
IAM components can be classified into 4 major categories: authentication, authorization, user management and central user repository (Enterprise Directory). The ultimate goal of IAM Framework is to provide the right people with the right access at the right time.